Vitamin D

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About

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids. In humans, vitamin D is unique because it can be ingested as cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) or ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and because the body can also synthesize it (from cholesterol) when sun exposure is adequate. [1]

Functions

Vitamin D has several important functions, it:

  • helps regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. These nutrients are needed to keep bones and teeth healthy.[2]

Related Conditions

A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone deformities such as rickets in children and bone pain and tenderness as a result of osteomalacia in adults.

References

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitamin_D
  2. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vitamins-minerals/Pages/Vitamin-D.aspx
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